What is an Engineered Wood Floor?
An engineered wood floor is constructed from multiple plies of wood with a solid top layer. Because more of the tree is utilized to create the plies, less waste is inevitable and can be considered more eco-friendly. Engineered wood floors tend to be more resistant to everyday wear and tear and also to buckling or rippling. They can be used in alternative locations like basements even where there may be some more moisture. Solid Hardwood Flooring as it sounds is solid and can be slightly more expensive than engineered.
But not all engineered wood floors are created equal, here is an explanation provided by one of our suppliers, Hallmark, on their different productions methods.
Sawn-Cut Wood Floor Method
The logs are brought into their facility and sawed into lumber. The lumber is placed in a pre-drier and the green lumber is slowly dried to a much lower moisture content. When ready, the boards are placed into a dry kiln where heat and humidity controls bring the materials down to a moisture content of 8-10%. The material is then sent back to a dry kiln, where they slightly rehydrate the material and run it through the veneer saws to create face veneers. This proves runs the material through the equivalent of a seasonal cycle of expansion and contraction and produces product stability. The material then rests before it is joined to the core ply. The result is a stunning plank that looks like a solid hardwood floor, but has the superior dimensional stability, of an engineered floor.
Rotary-Cut Wood Floor Method
This technology is an extremely efficient method of processing logs into usable wood products. Rotary cut face veneers have a slightly bolder presentation of grain. Green logs are processed by giving them a hot bath. Soaked in vats for several days, the logs are brought to the optimum temperature and moisture content before sending them to rotary cutting lathes. The logs are then peeled into sheets of veneer. The sheets of veneer are sent to the dryers where they travel slowly to remove the moisture in a controlled way. The veneers are then rested and slightly humidified and run back through the veneer dryers.
Trucore Centerply Wood Floor Method
Hallmark Hardwoods uses on true hardwood veneers for the centerply in their hardwood flooring. The ply’s are pressed at high pressure and heat. The process compresses the core veneers and makes the plank harder and more dimensionally stable.